Difference between revisions of "Template:DIP saites"

From DiLab
Jump to: navigation, search
(Xilinx ISE WebPACK (12.2))
(Atsauksmes par kursu)
 
(68 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
= Literatūra =
+
= Resursi =
  
 
* [http://books.google.lv/books?id=1lD9LZRcIZ8C&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_navlinks_s#v=onepage&q=&f=false Computer organization and design: the hardware/software interface]
 
* [http://books.google.lv/books?id=1lD9LZRcIZ8C&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_navlinks_s#v=onepage&q=&f=false Computer organization and design: the hardware/software interface]
Line 16: Line 16:
 
=== Digital design textbooks @ Digilent Inc.===
 
=== Digital design textbooks @ Digilent Inc.===
  
* [http://www.digilentinc.com/Data/Textbooks/Intro_to_Digital_Design-Digilent-Verilog_Online.pdf Introduction to Digital Design - Verilog Edition] PDF 5.81MB
+
* [https://reference.digilentinc.com/_media/textbooks/intro_to_digital_design-digilent-verilog_online.pdf Introduction to Digital Design - Verilog Edition] (PDF)
* [http://www.digilentinc.com/Data/Textbooks/Intro_Digital_Design-Digilent-VHDL_Online.pdf Introduction to Digital Design - VHDL Edition] PDF 6.68MB
+
* [https://reference.digilentinc.com/_media/textbooks/intro_digital_design-digilent-vhdl_online.pdf Introduction to Digital Design - VHDL Edition] (PDF)
  
 
* Real Digital - A hands-on approach to digital design
 
* Real Digital - A hands-on approach to digital design
Line 36: Line 36:
  
 
* [http://www.xilinx.com Xilinx kompānijas (FPGA ražotājs) portāls]
 
* [http://www.xilinx.com Xilinx kompānijas (FPGA ražotājs) portāls]
* [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/data_sheets/ds312.pdf Spartan 3E FPGA Family datasheet]
+
<!-- * [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/data_sheets/ds312.pdf Spartan 3E FPGA Family datasheet] -->
 +
* [https://datasheetspdf.com/pdf-file/1409860/Xilinx/XC3S500E/1 Spartan 3E FPGA Family datasheet]
 +
* [https://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/data_sheets/ds160.pdf Spartan-6 FPGA Family datasheet]
 +
* [https://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/application_notes/xapp462.pdf Using Digital Clock Managers (DCMs) in Spartan-3 FPGAs]
  
 
=== Xilinx attīstītajrīki ===
 
=== Xilinx attīstītajrīki ===
Line 42: Line 45:
 
DiLab ir pieejami sekojoši Xilinx (Digilent) attīstītajrīki:
 
DiLab ir pieejami sekojoši Xilinx (Digilent) attīstītajrīki:
  
* Spartan-3E
+
* '''[http://www.pynq.io/ PYNQ]''' [https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/programmable-logic/pynq-z1/start -Z1]
 +
** [https://www.digikey.com/en/articles/techzone/2019/apr/build-and-program-fpga-based-designs-quickly-python-jupyter-notebooks Build and Program FPGA-Based Designs Quickly with Python and Jupyter Notebooks] - with Zynq (PYNQ)
 +
 
 +
* '''[https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/programmable-logic/anvyl/start ANVYL]'''
 +
** [https://reference.digilentinc.com/_media/reference/programmable-logic/anvyl/anvyl_rm.pdf Anvyl Reference Manual]
 +
** [[ANVYL programmēšana]] - kā uzlādēt dizainu uz Anvyl dēļa
 +
** [https://github.com/elomage/FPGA-resources/tree/main/ucf_templates UCF file templates].
 +
 
 +
* '''[https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/programmable-logic/spartan-3e/start Spartan-3E]'''
 
** [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/boards_and_kits/ug230.pdf Xilinx Spartan-3E FPGA Starter Kit Board User Guide] PDF 7.34MB
 
** [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/boards_and_kits/ug230.pdf Xilinx Spartan-3E FPGA Starter Kit Board User Guide] PDF 7.34MB
 
** [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx12_2/spartan3e_scm.pdf Spartan-3E Libraries Guide for Schematic Designs] PDF 9.19MB
 
** [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx12_2/spartan3e_scm.pdf Spartan-3E Libraries Guide for Schematic Designs] PDF 9.19MB
 
** [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx12_2/spartan3e_hdl.pdf Spartan-3E Libraries Guide for HDL Designs] PDF 3.94MB
 
** [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx12_2/spartan3e_hdl.pdf Spartan-3E Libraries Guide for HDL Designs] PDF 3.94MB
 +
** [https://github.com/elomage/FPGA-resources/tree/main/ucf_templates UCF file templates].
  
 
* [http://www.xilinx.com/products/boards/s3e1600e/reference_designs.htm Spartan-1600e]
 
* [http://www.xilinx.com/products/boards/s3e1600e/reference_designs.htm Spartan-1600e]
  
* [http://www.xilinx.com/univ/xupv2p.html XUP V2P]
+
* [https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/programmable-logic/virtex-ii-pro/start XUP V2P], no [http://www.xilinx.com/univ/xupv2p.html Xilinx University Program]
 +
 
  
 +
==== PMOD papildus moduļi ====
 +
Mums ir pieejami dažādi [https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/pmod/start PMOD perifērijas iekārtu moduļi] (pārsvarā 1x6 formātā) par kuriem sīkāk var lasīt [https://store.digilentinc.com/pmod-expansion-modules/by-form-factor/1x6/ Digilentic portālā].
 +
* ADC modulis [https://store.digilentinc.com/pmod-ad1-two-12-bit-a-d-inputs/ PmodAD1 PB200064]
 +
* DAC modulis: [https://store.digilentinc.com/pmod-da2-two-12-bit-d-a-outputs/ PmodDA2 PB200-113]
 +
* 3.5mm konektori ar pastiprinātāju: [https://store.digilentinc.com/pmodamp1-speaker-headphone-amplifier-retired/ PmodAmp1]
 +
* RCA konektori: [https://store.digilentinc.com/pmod-con4-rca-audio-jacks/ Pmod CON4] (CON1 RevB)
 +
* BNC konektori: [https://store.digilentinc.com/pmodcon2-bnc-connectors-retired/ Pmod CON2 PB200066]
 +
* 7-segmentu LED x 2: [https://store.digilentinc.com/pmod-ssd-seven-segment-display/ PmodSSD]
 +
* [https://store.digilentinc.com/pmod-led-four-high-brightness-leds/ Pmod LED x 4: PB200076]
 +
* Komutācijas modulis [https://store.digilentinc.com/pmod-tph-6-pin-test-point-header/ PTPH PB200-001]
 +
* Seriālā zibatmiņa: [https://store.digilentinc.com/pmodsf-external-rom-2mb-serial-flash-memory/ PmodSF]
 +
* Video signālu dekodera modulis [https://store.digilentinc.com/vdec1-video-decoder-board-retired/ VDEC1]
 +
* [https://store.digilentinc.com/pmod-cable-kit-6-pin/ Pmod kabelis 6x1]
 +
* Skaļrunis ar 3.5mm konektoru: [https://store.digilentinc.com/speaker/ SPEAKER]
  
 +
* Konektors vadiem [https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/pmod/pmodcon1/start PmodCON1]
 +
* Rotējošais enkoderis [https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/pmod/pmodenc/start PmodENC]
 +
* USB saskarne [https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/pmod/pmodusbuart/start PmodUSBUART]
 +
* Ultraskaņas distances mērītājs [https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/pmod/pmodmaxsonar/start PmodMAXSONAR]
 +
* Audio DAC SPI [https://reference.digilentinc.com/reference/pmod/pmodmic3/start PmodMIC3]
  
=== Xilinx ISE WebPACK (14.7) ===
+
=== Xilinx ISE instalācija ===
 +
==== Xilinx ISE WebPACK (14.7) ====
  
* [https://www.xilinx.com/support/answers/59128.html Digilent driver installation]
+
Xilinx ISE Webpack versija 14.7 (Windows 7, nevis Windows 10) ir pēdējā versija, kas vēl atbalsta Spartan 3E FPGA.
  
 +
To iespējams lejuplādēt no [https://www.xilinx.com/support/download/index.html/content/xilinx/en/downloadNav/vivado-design-tools/archive-ise.html Xilinx arhīva web portāla], kurā nepieciešams šim nolūkam izveidot kontu.
  
=== Xilinx ISE WebPACK (12.2) ===
+
* [[ISE WebPACK 14.7 USB driver]] instalācija
 +
Papildus:
 +
* [https://www.xilinx.com/support/answers/59128.html Digilent driver installation] (no Xilinx portāla)
 +
* [http://dreamrunner.org/blog/2012/09/12/install-xilinx-ise-on-the-ubuntu/ Install Xilinx ISE on Ubuntu] (learn&think)
 +
* [https://www.george-smart.co.uk/fpga/xilinx_jtag_linux/ Install Linux ISE] (George Smart)
 +
* [https://electrontips.com/how-to-install-xilinx-ise-design-suite-14-7-on-windows-10/ Install ISE on Windows 10] @ electrontips.com
 +
 
 +
* [https://www.programmersought.com/article/24731802295/ ISE instalācija uz Ubuntu 18]
 +
 
 +
==== Xilinx ISE WebPACK (12.2) ====
  
 
* [https://secure.xilinx.com/webreg/register.do?group=dlc&htmlfile=&emailFile=&cancellink=&eFrom=&eSubject=&version=12.2&akdm=1&filename=Xilinx_ISE_DS_Lin_12.2_M.63c.1.1.tar Installer for Linux] TAR/GZ 3.02GB (nepieciešams reģistrēties www.xilinx.com)
 
* [https://secure.xilinx.com/webreg/register.do?group=dlc&htmlfile=&emailFile=&cancellink=&eFrom=&eSubject=&version=12.2&akdm=1&filename=Xilinx_ISE_DS_Lin_12.2_M.63c.1.1.tar Installer for Linux] TAR/GZ 3.02GB (nepieciešams reģistrēties www.xilinx.com)
Line 70: Line 113:
 
* [http://rmdir.de/~michael/xilinx/ Xilinx JTAG tools on Linux without proprietary kernel modules]
 
* [http://rmdir.de/~michael/xilinx/ Xilinx JTAG tools on Linux without proprietary kernel modules]
  
* [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx12_2/ise_tutorial_ug695.pdf ISE In-Depth Tutorial] PDF 5.04MB
+
* [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx12_2/ise_tutorial_ug695.pdf ISE In-Depth Tutorial] (ver.12.2) PDF 5.04MB
 +
* [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx12_2/plugin_ism.pdf ISim User Guide] (ver.12.2) PDF 1.96MB
  
* [https://xilinx.webex.com/ec0605l/eventcenter/recording/recordAction.do?theAction=poprecord&actname=%2Feventcenter%2Fframe%2Fg.do&apiname=lsr.php&renewticket=0&renewticket=0&actappname=ec0605l&entappname=url0107l&needFilter=false&&isurlact=true&entactname=%2FnbrRecordingURL.do&rID=31975327&rKey=B2CB97CBBB0026E3&recordID=31975327&rnd=7154034615&siteurl=xilinx&SP=EC&AT=pb&format=short ISE Design Suite: Logic Edition – A Quick Tour] WMV 47.50MB
+
=== Xilinx ISE lietošana ===
 +
* [https://github.com/elomage/FPGA-resources/tree/main/ucf_templates UCF failu šabloni] FPGA platformām.
  
* [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx12_2/plugin_ism.pdf ISim User Guide] PDF 1.96MB
+
==== Vispārīga lietošana ====
 +
* [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx14_7/ise_tutorial_ug695.pdf ISE In-Depth Tutorial] (ver.14.7) PDF
 +
* [https://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation-navigation/development-tools/hardware-development/ISE-design-suite.html?preSelect=documenttype:SeeAll#documentation Xilinx ISE dokumentācija] - dažādi dokumenti
  
* [https://xilinx.webex.com/ec0605l/eventcenter/recording/recordAction.do;jsessionid=PHcmMMRfyPT41QMhMNm1ryhh2bK1LyX1bM8bnkS9Qp7qgTTCG2S9!1328041475?theAction=poprecord&actname=%2Feventcenter%2Fframe%2Fg.do&apiname=lsr.php&renewticket=0&renewticket=0&actappname=ec0605l&entappname=url0107l&needFilter=false&&isurlact=true&entactname=%2FnbrRecordingURL.do&rID=41800312&rKey=82ac13e94441c96c&recordID=41800312&rnd=5574793851&siteurl=xilinx&SP=EC&AT=pb&format=short How to Use the ISE Simulator (ISim)] WMV 40.90MB
+
==== Simulācija ar ISim ====
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx14_7/plugin_ism.pdf ISim User Guide] (ver.14.7) PDF 1.96MB
 +
* [https://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx14_7/ug682.pdf ISim in-depth Tutorial] PDF
 +
* [https://youtu.be/hPYsQE0-1kQ Simulācija ar ISim] - pamācības video
 +
 
 +
==== Simulācija ar ModelSim ====
 +
* [https://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/sw_manuals/xilinx14_7/ise_tutorial_ug695.pdf Xilinx ISE In-Depth Tutorial] - PDF
 +
* [https://www.cis.upenn.edu/~milom/cis371-Spring13/lab/simulation/ Pamācība no Pensilvānijas Universitātes]
 +
* [https://youtu.be/DgRrATFd3jc How to do a Timing Simulation using Modelsim and Xilinx ISE] - video pamācība
  
 
=== Video applications using FPGA ===
 
=== Video applications using FPGA ===
Line 82: Line 138:
 
* [http://www.stevechamberlin.com/cpu/2009/06/21/fpga-pong/ FPGA Pong] by Steve Chamberlin
 
* [http://www.stevechamberlin.com/cpu/2009/06/21/fpga-pong/ FPGA Pong] by Steve Chamberlin
 
* [http://www.fpga4fun.com/PongGame.html Pong Game] by Jean P. Nicolle
 
* [http://www.fpga4fun.com/PongGame.html Pong Game] by Jean P. Nicolle
 +
 +
== ANVYL attīstītājrīks ==
 +
[https://store.digilentinc.com/anvyl-spartan-6-fpga-trainer-board/ ANVYL]
 +
ir Xilinx Spartan 6G FPGA bāzēts attīstītājrīks ar dažādām papildus un perifērijas iekārtām.
 +
 +
* [[ANVYL programmēšana]] - kā uzlādēt dizainu uz Anvyl dēļa
 +
 +
== PYNQ ietvars ==
 +
[http://www.pynq.io/ PYNQ] ir ietvars kas iespējo FPGA aparatūras funkciju izmantošanu ar Python programmēšanas valodu.
 +
Atbalstītā aparatūra iekļauj [https://store.digilentinc.com/fpga-programmable-logic/by-technology/zynq/ ZYNQ].
 +
 +
PYNQ informācijas avoti:
 +
* [https://pynq.readthedocs.io/en/latest/getting_started.html getting Started with PYNQ]
 +
* [https://github.com/Xilinx/PYNQ_Workshop PYNQ Tutorial]
 +
* [http://pynq.readthedocs.io/ PYNQ documentation]
 +
* [http://www.pynq.io/board.html Atbalstītā aparatūra]
 +
 +
PYNQ projekti
 +
* [http://www.pynq.io/examples Projektu piemēri]
 +
* [https://github.com/drichmond/RISC-V-On-PYNQ RISC-V on PYNQ]
 +
 +
PYNK un PMOD
 +
* [https://pynq.readthedocs.io/en/v2.0/pynq_libraries/pmod.html Par PMOD un PYNQ]
  
 
== HDL tutorials ==
 
== HDL tutorials ==
Line 88: Line 167:
  
 
* '''Verilog Tutorials'''
 
* '''Verilog Tutorials'''
** [http://users.ece.cmu.edu/~jhoe/course/ece447/handouts/LV.pdf by Peter
 Milder] handout (15 pages).
+
** [https://users.ece.cmu.edu/~jhoe/course/ece447/S09handouts/LV.pdf handout] by Peter
 Milder (15 pages).
 
** [http://www.ece.umd.edu/class/enee359a.S2008/verilog_tutorial.pdf by asic-world] (227 pages) PDF 876.25KB
 
** [http://www.ece.umd.edu/class/enee359a.S2008/verilog_tutorial.pdf by asic-world] (227 pages) PDF 876.25KB
 
** [http://www.asic-world.com/verilog/veritut.html by asic-world, online version]
 
** [http://www.asic-world.com/verilog/veritut.html by asic-world, online version]
 +
** [https://www.nandland.com/verilog/tutorials/tutorial-introduction-to-verilog-for-beginners.html by NANDLand.com]
  
 
* '''VHDL Tutorials'''
 
* '''VHDL Tutorials'''
 
** [http://www.gmvhdl.com/VHDL.html VHDL Tutorial I (15 pages)]
 
** [http://www.gmvhdl.com/VHDL.html VHDL Tutorial I (15 pages)]
 
** [http://lslwww.epfl.ch/pages/teaching/cours_lsl/sl_info/vhdl-tutorial.pdf VHDL Tutorial II (84 pages)] PDF 391.95KB
 
** [http://lslwww.epfl.ch/pages/teaching/cours_lsl/sl_info/vhdl-tutorial.pdf VHDL Tutorial II (84 pages)] PDF 391.95KB
 +
 +
== Seriālie protokoli ==
 +
 +
* Asinhroni seriālais ports, RS232 un tml.
 +
** [https://www.best-microcontroller-projects.com/how-rs232-works.html How RS232 works]
 +
 +
* SPI protokols
 +
** [https://learn.sparkfun.com/tutorials/serial-peripheral-interface-spi/all SPI tutorial] at Sparkfun
 +
 +
* I2C un 2-wire protokols
 +
** [http://www.circuitbasics.com/basics-of-the-i2c-communication-protocol/ I2C communication protocol] at Circuit basics
 +
** [https://learn.sparkfun.com/tutorials/i2c/all I2C Tutorial] at Sparkfun
 +
 +
* One-wire protokols
 +
** [https://www.rfwireless-world.com/Tutorials/1-wire-protocol-basics.html 1-wire protocol basics] at rfwireless-world.com
 +
** [https://www.maximintegrated.com/en/design/technical-documents/tutorials/1/1796.html Guide to 1-wire devices] at Maxim-IC
 +
 +
* USB
 +
** [https://www.cypress.com/file/134171/download Specifikācija] - Infineon / Cypress.
  
 
== IP cores priekš FPGA ==
 
== IP cores priekš FPGA ==
Line 102: Line 201:
  
 
== Ieteikumi prezentāciju veidošanā ==
 
== Ieteikumi prezentāciju veidošanā ==
* http://www.catalysis.nl/links/presentations/presentation.php
+
[http://andromeda.df.lu.lv/wiki/index.php/LU::poster-howto Piezīmes par plakātu un prezentāciju veidošanu]
* http://www.ellenfinkelstein.com/powerpointtips/powerpoint_tip_how_many_bullets.html
 
* http://www.presentationzen.com/presentationzen/2007/03/a_few_weeks_ago.html
 
* http://www.presentationzen.com/
 
  
== Atsauksmes par kursu ==
+
== Citi kursi un saites ==
* DIP 2012-1-m: [http://bit.ly/MVbhuZ] [http://bit.ly/Lvsur2] [http://bit.ly/MX4Upj]
+
* [http://www.ecs.umass.edu/ece/koren/architecture/ Computer architecture education tools] at UMass
  
 +
* [https://8bitworkshop.com/ 8 Bit Workshop] - aparatūras simulators pārlūkā, tai skaitā Verilog.
  
== Citi kursi un saites ==
+
* [https://www.circuitlab.com/ Circuitlab.com] - vienkāršu shēmu testēšana interneta pārlūkā
  
 
* [http://www.falstad.com/circuit/ Falstad shēmu simulators]
 
* [http://www.falstad.com/circuit/ Falstad shēmu simulators]
Line 128: Line 225:
  
 
* [http://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/7042/how-much-does-it-cost-to-have-a-custom-asic-made How much does it cost to have a custom ASIC made?]
 
* [http://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/7042/how-much-does-it-cost-to-have-a-custom-asic-made How much does it cost to have a custom ASIC made?]
 +
 +
* [http://courses.csail.mit.edu/6.111/f2008/ MIT Introductory Digital Systems Lab] (2008.g. MIT kurss)
 +
 +
* [http://www.pldworld.com/_xilinx/html/tip/sixeasypieces.htm Six Easy Pieces (Non-Synchronous Circuit Tricks)]
 +
 +
* [https://www.sigenics.com/page/asic-cost-calculator ASIC izmaksu kalkulators] (Sigenics)
 +
 +
* HotMobile 2017 - [https://youtu.be/hcexIcdd1Pw Separated by Birth: Hidden Differences Between Seemingly-Identical Smartphone CPU's]
  
 
== Domu graudi ==
 
== Domu graudi ==
  
 
* [http://stackoverflow.com/questions/11227809/why-is-processing-a-sorted-array-faster-than-an-unsorted-array Why is processing a sorted array faster than an unsorted array? (Branch prediction)]
 
* [http://stackoverflow.com/questions/11227809/why-is-processing-a-sorted-array-faster-than-an-unsorted-array Why is processing a sorted array faster than an unsorted array? (Branch prediction)]
 +
 +
* [https://www.acm.org/hennessy-patterson-turing-lecture 2017 ACM A.M. Turing Award recipients John Hennessy and David Patterson delivered the Turing Lecture on June 4 at ISCA 2018]
  
 
== FPGA pielietojumi ==
 
== FPGA pielietojumi ==
 
* [http://www.wired.com/2014/06/microsoft-fpga/ Microsoft Supercharges Bing Search With Programmable Chips]
 
* [http://www.wired.com/2014/06/microsoft-fpga/ Microsoft Supercharges Bing Search With Programmable Chips]

Latest revision as of 11:57, 20 May 2021

Resursi


Digital design textbooks @ Digilent Inc.

Saites

Xilinx produkti (FPGA čipi)

Xilinx attīstītajrīki

DiLab ir pieejami sekojoši Xilinx (Digilent) attīstītajrīki:


PMOD papildus moduļi

Mums ir pieejami dažādi PMOD perifērijas iekārtu moduļi (pārsvarā 1x6 formātā) par kuriem sīkāk var lasīt Digilentic portālā.

Xilinx ISE instalācija

Xilinx ISE WebPACK (14.7)

Xilinx ISE Webpack versija 14.7 (Windows 7, nevis Windows 10) ir pēdējā versija, kas vēl atbalsta Spartan 3E FPGA.

To iespējams lejuplādēt no Xilinx arhīva web portāla, kurā nepieciešams šim nolūkam izveidot kontu.

Papildus:

Xilinx ISE WebPACK (12.2)

Xilinx ISE lietošana

Vispārīga lietošana

Simulācija ar ISim

Simulācija ar ModelSim

Video applications using FPGA

ANVYL attīstītājrīks

ANVYL ir Xilinx Spartan 6G FPGA bāzēts attīstītājrīks ar dažādām papildus un perifērijas iekārtām.

PYNQ ietvars

PYNQ ir ietvars kas iespējo FPGA aparatūras funkciju izmantošanu ar Python programmēšanas valodu. Atbalstītā aparatūra iekļauj ZYNQ.

PYNQ informācijas avoti:

PYNQ projekti

PYNK un PMOD

HDL tutorials

Seriālie protokoli

IP cores priekš FPGA


Ieteikumi prezentāciju veidošanā

Piezīmes par plakātu un prezentāciju veidošanu

Citi kursi un saites

  • 8 Bit Workshop - aparatūras simulators pārlūkā, tai skaitā Verilog.

Domu graudi

FPGA pielietojumi